Horatio Thomas (1) Stubbs


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Brief biography

Horatio Thomas (1) Stubbs was born to parents Edmund Horatio (1) Stubbs and his wife Mary Ann (nee Empson). He was born on April 2nd 1835 and was christened at the Castle Gate Meeting-Independent chapel in Nottingham on April 26th 1835 [IGI: Batch C058101].

The 1841 Census finds him aged "5" living (or staying) with his grandparents William and Sarah Empson in Edward Street, St. Nicholas in Nottingham. William was occupied as a machine smith.

The 1851 Census finds him aged "16" again with William and Sarah Empson in Orchard Square, St. Nicholas where he was occupied as a day school teacher. William was still occupied as a machine smith.

Around 1861, or perhaps a little before, he partnered - but at this stage did not marry - Elizabeth Shrive. The 1851 Census finds her at age "14" living with her parents Edward and Mary and numerous siblings in Oundle, Northamptonshire. Her birthplace is given as Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire.

The 1861 Census finds them living, with no children yet, at 24, Handel Street in St. Mary, Nottingham. He is described as a railway clerk aged "26" born in Nottingham. Her birthplace is given mistakenly as Oundle, doubtless because that was where she remembered having lived in her childhood.

The 1871 Census finds him living with Elizabeth and three children at 311, Horton Lane in the Horton district of south-west Bradford, Yorkshire. He is described as a railway clerk aged "36" born in St. Nicholas, Nottingham. Her birthplace is again given in error as Oundle. Also in the household were his three unmarried brothers William Henry (3), James Armitage (1) and Reuben Alfred (1). He was evidently confused as to how the census required him to express the status of all those present. He described everyone, including himself, in relation to his widowed mother Mary Ann - who was then living or staying with his married sister Caroline Amelia (1) in Saddleworth - as though she, and not he, were the head of household. Consequently he assigned the status "son" to himself and to each of his brothers, "daughter-in-law" to Elizabeth and "grandson" to each of his own sons.

In 1872 he and Elizabeth finally married [Marriage Index: Bradford, Y. 9b 311, 1872 (Sept)]. It is not known why they had delayed this step for more than a decade.

He died aged "42" in 1877 [Death Index: Doncaster 9c 386, 1877 (Dec)].

Elizabeth probably died aged "43" in 1878 [Death Index: Doncaster 9c 419, 1878 (June)].

His children by Elizabeth Shrive

  1. William George (1) Stubbs - [Birth Index: Nottingham 7b 227, 1861 (Sept)]
  2. Charles Edwin (1) Stubbs - [Birth Index: Nottingham 7b 221, 1862 (Dec)]
  3. Horatio Thomas (2) Stubbs - [Birth Index: Nottingham 7b 225, 1867 (Sept)]
  4. and possibly others ...

These three sons were all born in St. Mary, Nottingham. The 1881 Census finds William George (1) and Horatio Thomas (2) lodging together at 2, Camden Street in Doncaster, aged "18" and "13" respectively. The first of them was occupied as a trimmer in a "plant railway works" and the other as an (unspecified) apprentice.

The 1891 Census finds William George (1) unmarried and lodging in the household of a railway shunter Thomas Hammond at 42, St. John's Road in the Balby-with-Hexthorpe district of Doncaster. He was occupied as a railway carriage trimmer. The schedule also notes that he had been deaf for ten years. The 1901 Census finds him unmarried and boarding in the household of a widow Emma E. Greaves at 11, Glyn Avenue in Doncaster. He was now occupied as a self-employed upholsterer.

Charles Edwin (1) has not yet been found in the 1881 or 1891 Censuses. In 1890 he married Eliza Ashmore [Marriage Index: Doncaster 9c 1019, 1890 (Sept)]. The 1901 Census finds them with two children living in the household of Eliza's widowed father Thomas Ashmore at 8, John Street in Doncaster. Charles Edwin (1) was occupied as an iron turner. The two children were

The 1891 Census finds Horatio Thomas (2) - calling himself "Henry Thomas" (perhaps he was averse to the name Horatio) - unmarried and boarding in the household of a brewer's manager George Hughes at 96, Tatlock Street in Liverpool. He was occupied as a cook. In 1896 he married Catherine Egan [Marriage Index: W. Derby 8b 875, 1896 (Dec)]. The 1901 Census finds him living with Catherine and three children at 51, Chester Road in West Derby where he was occupied as a ship steward. The three children were

Horatio Thomas (2) appears to have died aged "40" in 1910 [Death Index: Birkenhead 8a 371, 1910 (March)]. It is not yet known when Catherine died.